Are We Confidant Enough with our Forensic Results Reports
It is easier to exclude a suspect than to convict someone based on forensic analysis results. Forensic analysis from different categories DNA screening, toxicological screening, ballistics and others can effectively address questions raised by legal authorities and concerns for the jurisdiction. Based on forensic analysis reports the judge convict those guilty of crimes and can equally help exonerate the innocent. Forensic investigators take many precautions to prevent mistakes, but human error can never be eliminated. While these errors in forensic analysis are a leading contributing factor in wrongful convictions, efforts are subjected to establish quality standards protocols during all phases of forensic analysis.
I rather today talk about an important aspect of Forensic testing which is implementing quality control standards through the whole process of forensic examinations starting from crime scene inspection through the analysis phase of the examination until posting the final forensic reports. The session will give us a brief insight into the areas.
Publics are becoming increasingly aware of the regulatory system when crimes present in which their questions and concerns raised are spreading every were, therefore, the importance of procuring services of investigations through a systematic accredited protocols in each step of forensic analysis.
This article gives an insight into the crucial requirement in fulfilling the minimum laboratory accreditation standards protocols in forensic and crime laboratories. The aim of accreditation of a Forensic laboratories is to control and optimize, in a permanent manner, good professional practice by internationally established standards for testimony in court. The objectives for this project are to maintain the accuracy, reliability, and describe the credibility of results obtained through forensic analysis of samples submitted for identification, and the accurate determination of cause and manner of death to assure that forensic analysis was performed in the correct timeline.
The path to achieve accurate results achieved by implementation of quality standard protocols through the whole investigations cycles in all aspects of forensic analysis starting from crime scene inspection, collection of biological evidence and various forensic analysis including systematic standards protocols used in methodologies, reagents, controls, equipments, specimen handling, procedure manuals test reporting and internal and external proficiency testing. In addition implementing personnel, safety and overall management policies.
Accreditation is part of a laboratory’s quality assurance program which should also include proficiency testing, continuing education, customer liaison, and other programs to help the laboratory provide more effective overall service. Without accreditation, these quality indicators may not be followed.
Non accredited forensic laboratory not only jeopardizes the health and safety of workers, but risks the compromise of the finding results which is the main objectives for the investigative authorities. The accuracy of forensic analysis depends on the quality control and quality assurance procedures in the forensic laboratories to help ensure that each evidence analysis result meets a required standard of quality. This recommendation is equally important as a means of protecting the integrity of forensic analysis and results to achieve justice.
This session will provides interpretative criteria and recommendations for every personal who work in the field of Forensic Science in order to serve justice and fundamental accredited polices to provide the people rights which is the main objective of forensic examination.
By: Dr. Nadia Al-Kandary, Kuwait